The Quran, What is The Quran? Scholars have defined The Quran as follow:
The Quran is The words of Allah azza wa jalla, of which was sent to His Messenger, the closing prophet, which was Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, of which is started by surah Al-Fatiha and ended by surah An-Naas.
“The Words of Allah” means that The Quran is neither the words of human nor angels, and not even Muhammad, but it is the words of God of Creator of this Universe.
“Sent to His Messenger, which is Muhammad” means there were many written Books of Allah. There were some which were revealed to Musa, Daud, and even descended to Isa. The words of Allah which were revealed to Muhammad is called The Quran.
“The closing (last) prophet” means that Muhammad is one of Allah’s prophets. He is the prophet of Allah as what Ibrahim, Musa, Daud, Sulaiman or Isa are. He is the last prophet, there is no more prophet after him.
“Started from Al-Fatiha and ended by An-Naas” means there is revelation from Allah that was sent to Muhammad, but it was not The Quran. Those revelations refer to the hadiths which were delivered by Muhammad, of which the content (of those revelations) become further descriptions of The Quran.
You can read more here at What is Qur’an.
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